The inferior turbinates are structures inside the nose that can warm and moisten air. Unfortunately, the turbinates can become enlarged and cause blockage of breathing through the nose. If medications are not effective in sufficiently reducing the size of the turbinates, surgery may help open space for breathing. Submucus resection and submucosal cauterization with radiofrequency are two surgical techniques that reduce turbinate size. The choice between the two procedures is based on the unique features of each patient.