Spasmodic dysphonia is a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary spasms of the muscles of the larynx, which cause difficulty speaking.
Scarring/sulcus is a result of life-long vocal overuse, high vocal demand and loss of the pliability of the vocal folds. Scarring can also happen after surgery if care is not taken to protect the delicate tissues of the vocal folds.
Reinkes Edema Reinke’s edema is the collection of fluid or swelling within the vocal cords, usually due to irritation from smoking or reflux.
Presbyphonia (age-related voice changes) is a voice disorder causing atrophy or thinning of the vocal cords and results in lower vocal volume and increased effort to talk. Presbyphonia often occurs as a natural part of aging in people over the age of 60 years.
Paradoxical vocal fold motion is a voice disorder categorized by episodes in which the vocal cords close when they should open. Most of the time, the vocal cords function as they should. Paradoxical vocal fold motion is sometimes mistaken for asthma, as it may lead to wheezing or difficulty breathing.
Papilloma (recurrent respiratory papillomatosis/RRP) is a form of human papillomavirus that is found on the vocal cords and surrounding tissue. RRP is treated with close monitoring and either surgical removal or awake KTP laser surgery. Papilloma
Muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) is the most common voice problem and results from muscle misuse. MTD can accompany any vocal cord lesion or can occur by itself. Treatment for MTD is voice therapy.
Larynx cancer is cancer of the vocal cords or voice box. Risk of larynx cancer increases with smoking or tobacco use and excessive alcohol consumption over a long period of time.
Leukoplakia/dysplasia is a precancerous condition of the vocal cords. It is seen as white patchy areas on the vocal cord tissue. Leukoplakia can be caused by smoking and alcohol but can appear on the vocal cords of non-smokers. Leukoplakia is not painful but causes changes in the voice that may be heard as mild to ... Read More »
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), is a condition in which stomach contents travel back into the throat causing tissue injury. Symptoms include hoarseness, throat clearing, increased phlegm and coughing.