This is an outpatient surgery that takes about 2-3 hours to perform. Some times a skin graft from the hip region is needed to line the ear canal.
Post-operative hearing results for patients with atresia are good, although full hearing generally does not return. But many patients can hear on the telephone and notice a large improvement in sound localization. Since the ear canal is surgically built, dead skin does not shed in a normal way. An otologist may need clean it every six to 12 months. Water that gets into the ear canal may cause an ear canal infection. Patients may need to use earplugs when bathing and swimming.
Patients with repair of exostoses usually do well. They can go back to normal activities after a month or two. They may need to use earplugs during bathing and swimming.